4👑☸ Cattāri Ariya-saccaṃ 四聖諦

Body & synonyms in Pāli

4👑☸EBpedia📚body & synonyms ( kāya , ...)     🔝

Kāya

1. a heap, collection, group.
2. the physical body

🔬kāya

Rūpa

1. [visible]-form that is seen with the eye (cakkhuna rupam disva)
2. in 12ps its link preceding 6aya, sala-ayatana (six sense bases) which include kāya the physical body
3. in meditation context rūpa is often the anatomical body, built of 4 great elements

🔬rūpa

Sarīra

physical body, corpse

🔬sarīra


Mind/Body dichotomy

DN 2 from 4th jhana, 4 elements meditation and mind made body power carefully differentiate kaya, rupa, citta, etc.
DN 15 7 planes of consciousness, beings below brahma realm described in terms of kaya
MN 19 first jhana context, thinking good thoughts too intensely leads to no harm, but tires body (kaya), and a tired body disturbs mind (citta).
SN 12.61 and SN 12.62 kaya of 4 elements vs. mind of citta, mano, vinnana
SN 22.95 lump of foam simile: body of kaya + rupa contrasted against lifeforce and vinnana separated at death
SN 36.11 passaddhi applies to a kaya for the 4 jhanas only! 🔗audit:proof Does not get used to refer to mind only arupa 'bodies'.
🔗simile of ruler
🔗Example of Abhidhamma overriding Buddha's ruler, 3rd jhana
audit: 🔗Buddha making distinction between physical body and mind
🔗B. Brahmali murders kaya in 16aps. In 4sp🐘 and 16🌬️😤‍ which is a version of 4sp, the 1st frame kaya has the dichotomy with the 3rd frame citta, and the 2nd frame vedana straddles both body and mind.
🔗audit examples of body mind dichotomy: such as MN 19, SN 12.61 especially egregious.

especially important sutta references for kāya, rūpa, sarīra as physical body

DN 2 from 4th jhana, 4 elements meditation and mind made body power carefully differentiate kāya, rūpa, citta, etc. (🔗proof, audit). Also, kāya in 4 jhana similes as in AN 5.28 description.
MN 13 rūpā, sarīraṃ, kāya of beautiful girl aging, dying. This reference is especially important because it shows the body of girl as kāma 💘💃‍ and 5kg sensual pleasure cords, as well as the corpse stage same as in kāya-gatā-sati 🏃‍ suttas.

Alphabetized sutta references for kāya, rūpa, sarīra as physical body

AN 3.16 eating food, kāya gets nutrition and avoid harm
AN 4.14 as one of 6 internal sense bases, sense restraint
AN 5.28 classic jhāna similes, pīti and sukha pervades body, commentary explicitly states that kāya is 31 body parts.
AN 10.49 Sarīr-aṭṭha-dhamma: 10 dhammas Existing Because of the Body (sarīra)
DN 2 from 4th jhana, 4 elements meditation and mind made body power carefully differentiate kāya, rūpa, citta, etc. (🔗proof, audit). Also, kāya in 4 jhana similes as in AN 5.28 description.
DN 15 7 planes of consciousness, beings below brahma realm described in terms of kāya. also differentiates between rūpa kāya and nama kāya, also boy being born with kāya, nama rūpa, and vinanna
KN Pe 7.72 gloss 4 jhanas, explicitly say whether sukha, pīti, kāya are bodily or mental
KN Ps 1.3 section on breath meditation glosses step 3 and 4 for kāya
KN Snp 5.17 body (rupa) old and breaking down. Rupa as object of eye faculty, ruppanti as verb, rupa as physical body of clinging for suffering and rebirth.
MN 13 rūpā, sarīraṃ, kāya of beautiful girl aging, dying. This reference is especially important because it shows the body of girl as kāma 💘💃‍ and 5kg sensual pleasure cords, as well as the corpse stage same as in kāya-gatā-sati 🏃‍ suttas.
MN 119 classic jhāna similes, pīti and sukha pervades body, commentary explicitly states that kāya is 31 body parts. In addition, kāya-gatā-sati 🏃‍ excercises are all obviously involving anatomical body done with 4 jhana quality.
SA 484 Buddha says first jhāna formula pīti sukha pervades entire physical body
SN 12.61 would be better to think of soul as body (kāya of 4 elements) rather than mind, since even ordinary person can see body disappears after 100 years, but mind changes every moment.
SN 12.62 almost same as SN 12.61 . kāya of 4 elements vs. mind of citta, mano, vinnana
SN 22.1 afflicted with aging & illness, kāya contrast with citta
SN 22.95 lump of foam simile: body of kāya + rūpa contrasted against lifeforce and vinnana separated at death
SN 36.6 Salla: Dart: Ordinary person experiences a dukkha vedana as a painful physical feeling,
followed by a mental painful feeling (so dve vedanā vedayati — kāyikañca, cetasikañca.).
Ariya-savako only gets struck by the first dart (physical)
SN 36.7 3 types of feeling each dependent on anatomical body (imameva kāyaṃ paṭicca).
Finally, the investigation of vedana takes you all the way to Nirvana, while in satipatthana, with lamp simile.
SN 36.11 passaddhi applies to a kāya for the 4 jhanas only!
SN 46.3 the frequent prototypical 7sb☀️ causal sequence, mental part of pīti emphasized, leading to body (kāya) pacification and sukha.
SN 48.37 Vibhaṅga 2: Analysis 2: Same as SN 48.36 , with addition at end, vedana has mental and physical comoponents in 5 fold scheme.
SN 48.38 Same as SN 48.36 except ending explains equivalence between 3 fold and 5 fold vedana scheme.
SN 48.41 Jarā: Aging: Buddha complains of aging body (kāya) crooked posture pain, and diminished faculties (indriya) where 5 bodily faculties are named but 6th (mind, mano) is explicitly omitted.
SN 51.12 making “kamma” with body, speech mind.
result of bad kamma after “body” breaks up at death.
SN 51.22 can levitate and travel to brahma world, with mind made body, and original body

Related

🔬vedana

by default vedana/experienced-sensations, feelings, originate from the physical

Article on mind body connection by Peter Harvey.
🔗collection of articles on pali words for 'body', mind & body dichotomy).


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