4👑☸ Cattāri Ariya-saccaṃ 四聖諦

4👑☸ UPED

User-friendly Pāli English Dictionary

4👑☸UPED     A   D   E   H   K   L   M   N   O   P   R   S   U   V   (⤴)


abhidhamma pitaka: The Abhidhamma Piṭaka is obviously the product of a later phase in the evolution of Buddhist thought than the other two Piṭakas. The Pāli version represents the Theravāda school’s attempt to systematize the older teachings. Other early schools apparently had their own Abhidhamma systems. The Sarvāstivāda system is the only one whose canonical texts have survived intact in their entirety. Its canonical collection, like the Pāli version, also consists of seven texts. These were originally composed in Sanskrit but are preserved in full only in Chinese translation. The system they define differs significantly from that of its Theravāda counterpart in both formulation and philosophy. (from Bhikkhu Bodhi’s In the Buddha’s Words introduction)
agga: 1. supreme, 2. place, 3. mountain peak 🗻
ap-pamāda: assiduity 🐘
a-subha: un-attractive, non-beautiful. see 31asb🧟
āyatana: sphere; region; sense-organ; position. (nt.)
     (6aya) = 👁 👂 👃 👅 👆 💭


dhamma .. dharma:

Dhamma, dhamma: 1. Buddha's teaching 2. natural law 3. idea cognizable by mind 4. thing
☸Dhamma-anu-passana 🐘:
☸Dhamma-vitakka 💭:
☸Dharma, dharma:


ek'-agga, ekaggata: single-preoccupation
ekodi, ekodi-bhavā: become-singular
ek[ī/i]-bhāva, ekī-bhavati :
ekatta: solitude


hiri: shame and resistance toward wrong-doing


kamma: (sanskrit) Karma: action, work, deed
karoti (verb): do, act, work (see Kamma)
kāya: 1) physical body, 2) group, 3) collection of things


loke: world/cosmos


majjhima-patipada: middle-path. 🔗does not mean reduce sex... by 50%
Metta ☮️: Friendly-kindness. Antonym: byāpāda (ill-will). syn: abyāpāda (good-will). metta derived from mitta (friend)
Mitta: friend


nibbāna 🚫🔥: nirvāṇa (sanskrit) Nirvana (english): see ☸4nt → §3. Dukkha-nirodhaṃ for detailed treatment.
    1. awakening, enlightenment, realization of arahant, defilements destroyed, no longer subject to rebirth.
    2. ordinary daily life usage: extinguishment of a fire, quenching of thirst, cooling.


ottappa: fear and dread of the results of moral wrong-doing


pahitatto: resolute. 🔗Appears 84 times in suttas with "appamatto ātāpī pahitatto": assiduous, ardent, resolute
papañca: proliferation
see AN 4.173, 4.174
pari-mukha: in-front.


In the suttas, "...pe..." is an abbreviation for "Peyyāla" (elided text)

Peyyāla: elided text, like 'etc.'

Pīti: Rapture (primarily mental factor piti-manassa). Same in 7sb as it is in 4j. Pīti in contrast to other happy factors.


rebirth♾️👶 (and karma):
rūpa: 4 great elements, physical body, visible form


saddha: A provisional trust or confidence.
samādahaṃ cittaṃ: undistractify-&-lucidify the mind. Make the mind undistractable and lucid. Bring mind into samādhi.
samādhi: undistractible-lucidity. See 👑8☸8🌄 = sammā-samādhi, right undistractible-lucidity
☂️ Samādhi: broad umbrella term in every type of usage in EBT.
samāhitaṃ cittaṃ: a mind that has been undistractifed-&-lucidified. A mind that has been brought into a state of samādhi.
sarīra: physical body, corpse
sati: remembering/remembrance: (4sp) = (☸ 8aam) → 7🐘 = (7sb) → 1🐘 = (5ind) (5bal) → 3🐘
sati-sam-bojjh-aṅgaṃ: remembering-awakening-factor
sukha: pleasure, pleasant, happy, bliss


🛆👁 Upekkha: equanimous-observation in 🌕Jhānas, ☀️7sb, ☮️4bv
upekkha-sukha: a nonsensical term created by abhidhamma to differentiate sukha of 3rd jhana from the first 2 jhanas. 🔗details here


Vācā 💬 🗣 (f.) = vocalization, vocalized speech 🗣, speech 💬 . [Vedic vāk (vāc˚) voice, Lat. vox=voice]
vacī-saṅkhāro = V&V💭 = vocalization-co-doings
    MN 44: pubbe kho, āvuso visākha, prior to [vocalizing speech], friend Visakha, vitakketvā vicāretvā (one) directs-thoughts (and) evaluates [those very thoughts], pacchā vācaṃ bhindati, afterwards, vocal-speech breaks-out, tasmā vitakka-vicārā vacī-saṅkhāro. Therefore directed-thought-&-evaluation are vocal-speech-fabrications.
vicara & vicāra: walking/wandering/exploring. see articles under vitakka & vicāra
vitakka & vicāra: thinking & evaluation (of said thought): V&V💭 in the EBT
V&V💭 = vitakka & vicāra

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